The addition of these metals to energetic materials creates complications when they are reused as fuel. The main problem associated with the addition of metal is NOx production. The MFC is working on modeling some of these processes to reduce these problems so that the metals in energetic material may be utilized as a fuel source.
Aerosol Formation: Aerosol formation at hypersonic speeds represents a challenging research area.
Aluminum Flakes: Aluminum flakes boost the thrust of rocket motors and present an interesting combustion challenge.